By Jennifer Fredette
The status of French Muslims is undercut by means of a most important and chronic elite public discourse that frames Muslims as failed and incomplete French voters. this example fosters the very separations, exclusions, and hierarchies it claims to deplore as Muslims face discrimination in schooling, housing, and employment. In developing Muslims in France, Jennifer Fredette offers a deft empirical research to teach the political variety and complex id politics of this really new inhabitants. She examines the general public identification of French Muslims and evaluates photographs in well known media to teach how stereotyped notions of racial and non secular changes pervade French public discourse. While rights could be a sine qua non for struggling with criminal and political inequality, Fredette indicates that extra instruments equivalent to media entry are had to wrestle social inequality, quite whilst it is available in the shape of detrimental discursive frames and public disrespect.Presenting the conflicting perspectives of French nationwide id, Fredette indicates how Muslims attempt to realize popularity in their assorted perspectives and backgrounds and locate complete equality as French citizens.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Constructing Muslims in France: Discourse, Public Identity, and the Politics of Citizenship
A common concern among Muslims that connects back to the issue of housing is the geographic isolation of certain housing developments from places of employment. Some French Muslims can attest to workplace discrimination, while others (particularly those who work outside the public service sector) say they have never experienced discrimination at work. It was common even among those who had not experienced workplace discrimination, however, to share tales of how their coworkers were generally ignorant about Islam and Muslims.
At the same time, the formal promise of legal equality leads many non-Muslims to scorn Muslims for not “making it” when they supposedly have all the resources they need to be good citizens. For Muslims, formal rights all too often become empty abstractions that cannot easily offset the social stigma they regularly encounter. The ineffectiveness of formal rights claims for addressing social indignities and elite discursive challenges to Muslim citizenship exaggerates the difficulty Muslim activists face in creating a counternarrative.
In this study, I argue that the standing of Muslims as citizens of France is primarily undercut by elite discourse. If we looked at laws on the books in France, we would find them facially neutral toward Muslims (although this is 26 / Chapter 2 arguable concerning laws that regulate Muslim women’s dress). ” The law and society tradition conceives of law and rights as social practices. They are embedded in, and reflect, social hierarchy and dominant norms. Thus, while it is common to distinguish racial homogeneity in American schools as arising from either de jure segregation (segregation mandated by law) or de facto segregation (segregation that occurs without having been ordained by law), sociolegal scholars would argue that both reflect a law-like racial hierarchy that establishes expectations and governs social behavior.
Constructing Muslims in France: Discourse, Public Identity, and the Politics of Citizenship by Jennifer Fredette