By Daniel K. Gardner
To appreciate China, it truly is necessary to comprehend Confucianism. First formulated within the 6th century BCE, the lessons of Confucius might come to dominate chinese language society, politics, economics, and ethics. In this Very brief Introduction, Daniel okay. Gardner explores the key philosophical principles of the Confucian culture, displaying their profound impression on country ideology and imperial govt, the civil carrier exam procedure, household lifestyles, and social family over the process twenty-six centuries. Gardner makes a speciality of of the Sage's most important philosophical problems-what makes for an exceptional individual, and what constitutes stable government-and demonstrates the long-lasting value of those questions this present day.
This quantity indicates the effect of the Sage's teachings over the process chinese language history--on kingdom ideology, the civil carrier exam procedure, imperial executive, the kin, and social relations--and the destiny of Confucianism in China within the 19th and 20th centuries, as China built along a modernizing West and Japan. a few chinese language intellectuals tried to reform the Confucian culture to deal with new wishes; others argued for jettisoning it altogether in want of Western principles and know-how; nonetheless others condemned it angrily, arguing that Confucius and his legacy have been liable for China's feudal, ''backward'' stipulations within the 20th century and launching campaigns to get rid of its impacts. but chinese language proceed to show to the lessons of Confucianism for advice of their day-by-day lives.
In addition to a survey of the philosophy and background of Confucianism, Gardner bargains an exam of the resurgence of Confucianism in China this day, and explores what the sort of revival capacity for the chinese language govt and the chinese language people.
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Oxford's Very brief Introductions sequence bargains concise and unique introductions to a variety of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary concept to heritage, and Archaeology to the Bible. no longer easily a textbook of definitions, each one quantity during this sequence offers trenchant and provocative--yet regularly balanced and complete--discussions of the relevant matters in a given self-discipline or box. Every Very brief creation gives a readable evolution of the topic in query, demonstrating how the topic has built and the way it has inspired society. ultimately, the sequence will surround each significant educational self-discipline, providing all scholars an obtainable and considerable reference library. regardless of the sector of analysis that one deems very important or beautiful, regardless of the subject that fascinates the final reader, the Very brief Introductions sequence has a convenient and cheap consultant that may most likely turn out essential.
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Additional resources for Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction
It is a major theme wending its way through many of the early Zhou documents preserved in the Book of History. These documents tell of a Shang dynasty that began virtuously with wise and benevolent rulers. Over time, however, the character of the rulers changed, and men given to great lewdness, debauchery, and wickedness came to occupy the throne. The last of the Shang rulers, King Zhou, was especially depraved, and the descriptions of him in the documents are unrestrained in their contempt for him.
At seventy, I followed the desires of Confucianism my mind-and-heart without overstepping right. 4) Though autobiographical, the remark is clearly intended to serve as a sequential template for all students of the Confucian school. The path to moral perfection, it counsels, must start with an unswerving commitment to learning. Through learning, a student, too, might become a sage—a man whose every action is instinctively in line with the Way. Being a morally superior man: true goodness through ritual practice Although the Analects does not offer up one neat definition of the morally superior man, it does in passage after passage introduce his various attributes.
It is the means by which his inner feelings and outer demeanor become one. In the teachings of the Analects, ritual practice appears to be at once a means of manifesting our humanity and a means of nurturing within us the very qualities that make us human. Through sacrificial offerings we deepen our feelings of reverence for ancestors; through the act of bowing we deepen our feelings of respect for the elderly; through decorous speech, dress, and meal manners we deepen our feelings of propriety and civility toward others.
Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction by Daniel K. Gardner