By Roderic Ai Camp
When americans and Latin americans discuss democracy, are they imagining an analogous factor? For years, researchers have suspected that primary ameliorations exist among how North american citizens view and appraise the idea that of democracy and the way Latin american citizens view a similar time period. those modifications at once impact the evolution of democratization and political liberalization within the international locations of the quarter, and realizing them has super results for U.S.–Latin American family. yet earlier there was no demanding facts to make “the definition of democracy” obvious, and therefore in a position to be interpreted. This ebook, the fruits of a enormous survey venture, is the 1st try and do so.
Camp headed a examine workforce that during 1998 surveyed 1,200 electorate in 3 countries—three specified situations of democratic transition. Costa Rica is claimed to be the main democratic in Latin the United States; Mexico is a rustic in transition towards democracy; Chile is returning to democracy after a long time of serious repression. The survey was
carefully designed to teach how the common citizen in every one of those international locations is aware democracy.
In Citizen perspectives of Democracy in Latin America, ten major students of the sector research and interpret the implications. Written with pupil and undergraduate in brain, the essays discover the nations separately, displaying how the which means of democracy varies between them. A key subject emerges: there is not any uniform “Latin American” figuring out of democracy, although the countries proportion vital styles. different essays hint concerns throughout barriers, similar to the function of ethnicity on perceptions of democracy. numerous of the members additionally evaluate democratic norms in Latin the US with these outdoor the sector, together with the U.S.. Concluding essays examine the institutional and coverage results of the information, together with how attitudes towards inner most as opposed to public possession are associated with democratization.
Every essay within the assortment relies at the comparable facts set, integrated on a CD-ROM packaged inside of each one e-book, leading to an organically cohesive paintings ultimate to be used in classes introducing Latin American and 3rd global politics, comparative politics, democratic transition, and examine equipment. students and scholars may well use the software program and knowledge set at the CD-ROM for comparative learn tasks associated with the essays within the volume.
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Extra resources for Citizen Views of Democracy in Latin America
The evidence I give in this chapter shows that each task may be emphasized by different individuals: ﬁghting crime by less informed and less educated citizens, and protecting minorities by more informed and more educated ones. The following sections develop each of the questions stated above, starting with support for democracy. s u p p o rt f o r d e m o c r ac y : a c ro s s - nat i o na l c o m pa r i s o n Support for democracy varies from country to country. Since Almond and Verba, scholars have looked at the level of support for a democratic regime as a way not only to identify different political cultures but also to explain democratic stability.
By no means did Converse argue that some views were more adequate or better than others, but simply that they were different. Following Converse’s ﬁndings, which have been continuously tested by public opinion scholars,9 I focus on how differences in education and information lead individuals to have different concepts of democracy. Some segments of the public emphasize more general features of a democratic rule and other segments emphasize more of its particularly deﬁning features. Moreover, parts of the public see democracy in terms that are not even part of a standard deﬁnition of democracy.
30 Democracy and Mass Belief Systems in Latin America 47 Finally, table 2 also shows dummy variables for two of the three countries included in the Hewlett study. With only two exceptions, all the coefﬁcients are statistically signiﬁcant. The coefﬁcient’s sign indicates whether Chileans or Mexicans place more or less emphasis—depending on whether the sign is positive or negative, respectively— on the tasks and the concept of democracy in relation to Costa Ricans. For example, both Mexicans and Chileans place less importance on liberty as a deﬁning feature of democracy than Costa Ricans do.
Citizen Views of Democracy in Latin America by Roderic Ai Camp