By Brian Adams
"Citizen Lobbyists" explores how U.S. electorate perform neighborhood executive. even if many commentators have lamented the apathy of the yankee citizenry, Brian Adams specializes in what makes traditional american citizens get entangled in and try to impact public coverage concerns that challenge them. It connects conception and empirical facts in a brand new and revealing method, offering either a radical overview of the suitable scholarly discussions and a close case examine of citizen engagement within the politics of Santa Ana, a mid-sized Southern California urban. After interviewing greater than 50 citizens, Adams chanced on that they are often top defined as "lobbyists" who determine problems with own significance after which foyer their neighborhood govt our bodies. via his learn, he found that public conferences and social networks emerged as crucial components in voters' efforts to steer neighborhood coverage. by means of trying out concept opposed to truth, this paintings fills a void in our realizing of the particular participatory practices of "civically engaged" electorate.
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Extra info for Citizen Lobbyists: Local Efforts to Influence Public Policy
Many of the variables that influence local participation have been analyzed, but researchers have overlooked a few seemingly 26 Chapter Two important ones. First, we could hypothesize that metropolitan fragmentation will dampen participation, with citizens living in areas with multiple local jurisdictions participating less. Also, given the importance of local policy for property values and property taxes, home ownership may have a significant impact on local participation (Rohe and Stegman 1994; Cox 1982).
Rogers and Chung 1983; Gittell 1980, 1972; LaNoue and Smith 1973; Fantini, Gittell, and Magat 1970). On a different note, Berry, Portney, and Thomson (1993) analyze the effectiveness of decentralizing municipal government through the establishment of neighborhood associations and find that neighborhood associations can set the agenda, compete with business interests, and can increase government responsiveness. Scholars have also explored the capacity of participatory structures to enhance effectiveness.
Second, why do some citizens participate and others do not? The finding that citizens with higher socioeconomic status (SES) participate more than those with lower SES applies to both electoral and nonelectoral participation (Verba, Brady, and Schlozman 1995; Berry, Portney, and Thomson 1993; Verba and Nie 1972). The task 22 Chapter Two undertaken here is to review the literature’s explanations for why we see biases in nonelectoral participation. Barriers to, and Incentives for, Participation A central concept in the study of participation is the problem of collective action (Olson 1965).
Citizen Lobbyists: Local Efforts to Influence Public Policy by Brian Adams