By Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann MD, Douglas P. Zipes MD MAAC, Peter Libby MD PhD
Braunwald’s middle ailment is still your fundamental resource for definitive, cutting-edge solutions on each element of up to date cardiology. Edited via Drs. Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, Douglas P. Zipes, and Peter Libby, this dynamic, multimedia reference is helping you follow the latest wisdom in molecular biology and genetics, imaging, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and lots more and plenty extra. Weekly updates on-line, for my part chosen via Dr. Braunwald, regularly retain you present at the most crucial new advancements affecting your perform. superior top class on-line content material contains new dynamic cardiac imaging video clips, middle sound recordings, and podcasts. With sweeping updates all through, and contributions from a "who’s who" of world cardiology, Braunwald’s is the cornerstone of powerful practice.
- Continuously entry an important new advancements affecting your perform with weekly updates individually chosen through Dr. Braunwald, together with concentrated experiences, "hot off the clicking" commentaries, and late-breaking medical trials.
- Practice with self assurance and triumph over your hardest demanding situations with suggestion from the head minds in cardiology at the present time, who synthesize the total kingdom of present wisdom and summarize all the newest ACC/AHA perform guidelines.
- Locate the solutions you wish quickly because of a straightforward, full-color layout with greater than 1,200 colour illustrations.
- Search the full contents on-line at www.expertconsult.com.
- Stay on most sensible of the newest advances in molecular imaging, intravascular ultrasound, cardiovascular regeneration and tissue engineering, equipment remedy for complex middle failure, atrial traumatic inflammation administration, structural middle sickness, Chagasic middle illness, ethics in cardiovascular medication, the layout and behavior of scientific trials, and lots of different well timed topics.
- Hone your medical abilities with new dynamic cardiac imaging movies, center sound recordings, and podcasts at www.expertconsult.com.
Braunwald’s center sickness keeps to supply the easiest cardiology info with multiplied top rate multimedia beneficial properties, generally revised content material, and new worldwide experts.
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Additional info for Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 9th Edition
EAP = East Asia and Pacific; ECA = Europe and Central 34 35 Asia; LAM = Latin America and the Caribbean; MNA = Middle East and North Africa; SAR = South Asia Region; SSA = sub-Saharan Africa. The variability in disease prevalence in the various regions likely results from multiple factors. First, the countries are in various phases of the epidemiologic transition described earlier. Second, the regions may have cultural and/or genetic differences that lead to varying levels of CVD risk. For example, per capita consumption of dairy products (and thus consumption of saturated fat) is much higher in India than in China, although rising in both countries.
61] Explanations for this rapid trajectory are complex; they include changes in dietary patterns, physical activity, and urbanization. Popkin and Gordon-Larsen have reported that use of edible oils, caloric sweeteners, and animal source foods is increasing. Annual animal food consumption tripled in China from the 1950s to 1990s. Physical activity levels are expected to decline as urbanization leads to increased use of motorized vehicles and a change to more sedentary occupations. , For example, once a country reaches $2500 per capita of GNP (approximately the median GNP for lower middle–income countries), the probability of being obese is higher among women in the lower income group than in the higher income group.
CVD rates in Canada, New Zealand, and Australia are similar to rates in the United States. Rapid declines in CHD and stroke rates since the early 1970s have signaled that the high-income countries were in the fourth phase of the epidemiologic transition, the age of delayed degenerative diseases. In these countries, however, the rapidly increasing rate of obesity seems to indicate that many may be entering the fifth phase. CVD death rates continue to decline, at least in part because of the technical advances in treating CVD.
Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 9th Edition by Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann MD, Douglas P. Zipes MD MAAC, Peter Libby MD PhD