By Gershon Shafir
This penetrating and well timed examine through recognized students deals a theoretically knowledgeable account of the political sociology of Israel. The argument is determined in its ancient context because the authors hint Israel's improvement from the start of Zionist payment in Palestine within the early Eighties to the Oslo accords in 1993, and at last to the hot Palestinian rebellion. in contrast heritage, they speculate at the notion of citizenship and what it ability to be the citizen of a fragmented and ideologically divided society.
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Additional info for Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship
But while the Labor Zionists rejected other colonial models, they had their own favored settlement strategy – “homogeneous settlement colony” – that was also a variant of European colonization (see Shaﬁr 1989). The LSM was constituted from early on as a republican virtue enterprise, organized to achieve a common moral purpose – the success of the Zionist colonial project. The civic virtue associated with the LSM, chalutziyut (pioneering), was a composite of two virtuous qualities, corresponding to the two bases of legitimation invoked by the Zionist settlers: Jewish historical rights in Palestine and the redemptive activity of the pioneers, consisting of physical labor, agricultural settlement, and military service.
Borders between societies have always been porous, and they are becoming even more so with globalization. Nation-states and social groups are increasingly inﬂuenced by global processes, which enable and constrain their choices. The current socioeconomic liberalization that is taking place in Israel, and its attendant decolonization, were inspired simultaneously by the incentives offered by the current wave of globalization and by internal pressures to redeﬁne Israel’s multilevel citizenship incorporation regime.
Simultaneously, and again inconsistently, functionalist sociology uncritically repeated the LSM’s own self-depiction as a “service elite,” whose universal aspect rested on its promise to extend the beneﬁts of modernization to other Jewish immigrants. This promise notwithstanding, when efforts to “resocialize” the Mizrachim turned out to have been a failure, this failure was laid at the Mizrachim’s own doorstep, not at that of their LSM mentors. Thus, not unlike the Palestinians, the Mizrachim have been conceptualized as adding to the polity’s burdens, especially since the second generation, more assertive than their immigrant parents, came of voting age in the mid-1970s.
Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship by Gershon Shafir