By Frank R. Baumgartner
This ebook is a brilliant instance of a literature assessment inside of political technology. From that viewpoint, it truly is worthy purchasing while you're faced with the duty of placing one jointly your self. as well as the truth that it can function an exemplar of a lit evaluate, it additionally sheds loads of gentle at the demeanour within which the learn of curiosity teams had stepped forward. those corporations have been missed because the post-war period, until eventually this day once they are visible as one the leading the explanation why evolution has been gradual in coming to American politics. those authors spotlight parts during which additional learn is desire if we're to grasp extra approximately their position in this level.
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Extra info for Basic interests: the importance of groups in politics and in political science
Verba and Nie 1972; Verba, Schlozman, and Brady 1995). Survey research on this topic has focused on two important questions: What types of people are more likely to become active in the group system, and what effect does participation in groups have on a person’s other political activities? Scholars have repeatedly documented both the social class P RO G R E S S A N D C O N F US I ON 9 bias in group activities and the potential impact of participation in groups on an individual’s subsequent political activities.
Cigler 1991, 116) Richard Smith reviews hundreds of articles on group activities in Congress and is scathing in his criticisms. Not only do we have tentative and conflicting conclusions in those areas of research where little work has been done but we have a similarly inconclusive set of findings even in the most well-trodden paths (Smith 1995, 122–23). Smith reinforces the comments of Cigler. First, he notes that the literature presents an unjustified but consistent divide between those studies focusing on PAC contributions and those focusing on other lobbying activities.
An interest . . is the equivalent of a group. . ” David Truman, for his part, defined an interest group as “any group that, on the basis of one or more shared attitudes, makes certain claims upon other groups in society” (1951, 33). Truman’s distinction between latent interests, which might be mobilized if sufficiently threatened, and manifest groups, which have an actual organizational presence, implies that interests are real even if unmobilized. Such broad conceptions of interests remain common in the economics literature, where broad groups such as consumers and taxpayers are often included in models of political influence (see Buchanan and Tullock 1962; Tullock 1967, 1988; Niskanen 1971; Stigler 1971, 1972, 1974; Posner 1974; Peltzman 1976; Becker 1983, 1985; Mueller and Murrell 1986; 24 CHAPT ER 2 for a review see Mitchell and Munger 1991).
Basic interests: the importance of groups in politics and in political science by Frank R. Baumgartner