By Michael Cole
Alexander Luria used to be probably the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century. His authentic autobiography was once written as a citizen of the Soviet Union, and whereas it offers a compelling tale of his lifelong devotion to constructing a entire concept of the organic and cultural foundations of human nature, it's conspicuous for the absence of knowledge concerning the social context of his paintings and his own struggles to be an honest individual in indecent times.
The present "dialogic autobiography" brings the power of Luria's principles again to existence. Michael Cole and Karl Levitin, either one of whom knew Luria good and feature written approximately his existence and paintings, have written a gently researched advent and epilogue to the unique autobiography. they supply readers, for the 1st time, with information regarding the social and private contexts of Luria's outstanding achievements. Their account is supplemented through a DVD with memories of best psychologists from worldwide who knew and labored with Luria. ultimately, Luria's existence and technological know-how are introduced jointly in one volume.
The booklet will entice psychologists, neuropsychologists, and different scientists drawn to Luria's lifestyles achievements.
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Extra resources for Autobiography of Alexander Luria: A Dialogue with the Making of Mind
Their analyses suggested that basic psychological processes always reflected organizational properties that could not be discovered in isolated elements. " The essence of this position was that the reduction of mind into elements obliterated properties of the intact, functioning organism that could not be retrieved once the reduction had taken place. In this controversy Luria clearly sided against the elementarists, but his insistence that basic units of analysis must retain their emergent properties did not reduce to the arguments and phenomena then being explored by the Gestalt psychologists.
During World War II many psychologists, like Luria, devoted . 12 The Historical Context . . their efforts to rehabilitation of the wounded. Educational and medical psychology mixed freely in the face of the devastation wrought by modern warfare. Following the war, these two aspects of psychology continued to dominate Soviet psychology as the country rebuilt itself. Psychology as a separate discipline remained dormant, while psychological research was treated simply as a special feature of some other scientific enterprise.
Our shared assumption at the outset was that neither the subjective psychology propounded by Chelpanov nor the oversimplified attempts to reduce the whole of conscious activity to simple reflex schemes would provide a satisfactory model of human psychology. A new synthesis of the partial truths of previous approaches had to be found. It was Vygotsky who foresaw the outlines of this new synthesis. Drawing heavily on German, French, English, and American writings, Vygotsky developed his analysis of what he called the crisis in psychology.
Autobiography of Alexander Luria: A Dialogue with the Making of Mind by Michael Cole