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By W.D. Ross (comm.)

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In the case of compulsory movement the mass of tbe moving body is thought of not as increasing but as diminishing its velocity, so that his formula is MxD CFxT CF, Fx T = C, or D= ---xr-' or V= M' But this principle according to him is valid only when the ratio of force to mass moved remains constant or when the force increases relatively to the mass. (I) M can be halved and D doubled, F and T remaining the same. (2) M and T can be halved, F and D remaining the same. Since (3) D and T can be both halved or both doubled, F and M remaining the same, .

The inquiry about its first principles is stated as an inquiry about their number,! hut it is, as might be ~xpected, by discovering what they are that it is discovered how many they are. At the start, however, we may say that either there is but one principle or there are more than one, and if the latter, either a finite or an infinite number. Ar istotle examines first the view that there is but one first principle, and shows that by this two very different things may be meant. The first form of such a view is absolute monism such as that of the Eleatics, which denies the existence of any plurality and of any change.

1 The imparting of change is achieved by contact, and is therefore normally mutual. ' Finally, he points out that within each change we may distinguish two moments or elements, factually united but conceptually distinct. 4 In the account of change in book iii KtV'Y/CTlI) and I'ETa{3oX-q are not distinguished from one another; both words are used as names for change in general, including the four varieties generation and destruction, aJteration, growth and diminution, and locomotion. But in book iv a hint is dropped that this identification is only provisionaP This hint is taken up in 1 201 b 1.

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Aristotle's Physics by W.D. Ross (comm.)

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