By Jan Dusek
The topic of the publication stands at the intersection of epigraphy and ancient examine: the Aramaic and Hebrew inscriptions found within the region of the Yahwistic sanctuary on Mt. Gerizim and their old history. The learn addresses the proof from 3 views: the paleography and courting of the inscriptions; the identification of the neighborhood who carved them and its associations; and, eventually, the bigger historic and political context during which the inscriptions have been produced. This e-book is especially invaluable for historians of Palestine within the moment Temple interval, for biblical students, and for these facing Aramaic and Hebrew paleography and epigraphy.
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Extra resources for Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim and Samaria Between Antiochus III and Antiochus IV Epiphanes
Samekh can also be rounded. This form can be compared to the samekh of the Maresha ostracon. Samekh can even be rounded and simplified. – #Ayin Most common is the #ayin in the form of “y”. This form appears in the Aramaic cursive script in WDSP ( bce) and is well developed in the ostracon from Maresha ( bce). Among the lapidary inscriptions, this is the form of #ayin attested in the cursive inscription from Tayma and in the inscription of As. lah. ( bce). This “v” form of #ayin appears in the Kerak inscription and appears, rarely, in the – Aramaic monumental script from Mt.
This fact leads us to the conclusion that these two groups were probably contemporary but perhaps carved by different engravers or workshops. Their capacity to use the Aramaic cursive script seems to be quite limited. We can even ask whether they knew what they were writing. It is possible that they simply copied the texts from a catalogue without knowing the difference between monumental and cursive styles. scripts of the inscriptions from mt. gerizim The fact that some inscriptions distinguish between the initial/middle and final forms and others do not is interesting.
In inscription no. , this type of final nun is attested in the middle position. The upright form of nun in initial, middle and final position is typical in monumental script. This type of nun in initial and middle position is attested in the Kerak inscription and in the cursive inscription from Tayma. – This unusual form is attested in inscription no. . Samekh – Samekh usually exhibits a horizontal or round baseline. This base is absent in the samekh of the Kerak inscription, which seems to reflect an earlier stage.
Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim and Samaria Between Antiochus III and Antiochus IV Epiphanes by Jan Dusek